Many auto repair establishments start out as just that, then, over time, they add tire sales to their list of services. However, the fire code offers very stringent requirements on the proper and fire safe storage of tires.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 1:33) provides in-depth details on fire prevention measures, and storage procedures that must be taken. These requirements pertain to the storage of more than 500 tires. Here are a few of the highlights:
1. Fire deparment access roads need to be maintained. Any doors or gates to the property will require fire department access (http://www.knoxbox.com/). If there are several tire storage piles, then access roads need to be created and maintained between and to each pile. The following chart outlines the distances acceptable for fire department access roads and separation from other structures. Fire department access roads are not to be less than 25' in width.
2. All ignition sources (cutting, welding, heating devices, open fires, burners, vehicle exhaust) are prohibited within the tire storage area. "No Smoking" signs shall be prominently displayed.
3. An emergency response plan shall be created by the owner, this plan should be submitted to the local fire authority for approval and recommendations.
4. Firefighting equipment shall be maintained on site. The required equipment consists of:
5. The tire storage area shall have minimum 10' high fencing surround the area. Signage is to be posted which states the name of the operator, operating hours, emergency contact numbers, and site rules. This signage is to be posted at the entrance to the facility.